ACTIVE AND PASIVE VOICE

Active Form

In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active.

[Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]

Passive Form

In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. You can use the passive form if you think that the thing receiving the action is more important or should be emphasized. You can also use the passive form if you do not know who is doing the action or if you do not want to mention who is doing the action.

 [Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]

Examples :

Active Voice   Passive Voice
Andy has washed his car just now > Andy’s car has been washed just now by him self
My mother is cooking fried chicken > The fried chicken is being cooked by my mother
I purchased this house yesterday > This house was purchased by me yesterday
Miss. Janet teaches us everyday > We are taught by Miss. Janet everyday
Tyson knocked down Chris John easily > Chris John is knocked down by Tyson easily
I will always love you > You will be always loved by me
You may pay the bill by credit card > The bill may be paid by credit card

Examples tense active/passive voice :

Simple Present Tense

Auxiliary verb in passive voice : is/am/are

Active :

He cleans the house

He does not clean the house

Does he clean the house?

Passive :

The house is cleaned by him.

The house is not cleaned by him.

Is the house cleaned by him?

Simple Past Tense

Auxiliary verb in passive voice: Was/were

Active :

He repaired the car

He did not repair the car

Did he repair the car ?

Passive :

The car was repaired by him.

The car was not repaired by him.

Was  the car repaired by him?

Simple Future Tense

Auxiliary verb in passive voice :Will Be

Active :

She will buy a car.

She will not buy a car .

Will she buy a car?

Passive :

A car will be bought by her.

A car will not be bought by her.

Will a car be bougth by her?

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